Boğaziçi Protests

Rising Tensions at Boğaziçi: Pluralist Democracy vs. Absolute Democracy

For those of our readers who are not familiar with the term pluralist and absolute democracy; pluralist democracy is a political system where organized groups compete with each other to influence the policy instead of one single group dominating the politics(1) , whereas absolute democracy is a hypothetical form of government where the needs and wants of the majority are prioritized, and the minorities are neglected(2) . As the protests continue in Boğaziçi University as well as in other parts of Turkey, we witness the lack of plurality in Turkish democracy. Instead of taking an approach to protect the rights and welfares of every citizen, including the minorities, the government and the police force are seen to be not only neglecting but also violating human rights and freedom of speech of the ones who disagree with the government policies. During countless protests that happened and are still happening all around the country, the government’s reaction was excessive police force which led to police brutality, unlawful arrests, and banning of everything they disagree with. This shows that apart from lacking plurality, Turkish democracy is starting to resemble an absolute democracy. 

Editor's Note

Greetings, fellow readers!


We have once again met each other on the very first Monday of the month to delve into the 13th issue of PRESENT. Although people tend to believe that the number 13 brings bad luck, we are fairly confident that our authorship will get you to feel much better. 


Before moving on with our articles, we would like to thank you, the readers, for not only following our monthly bulletin but also your uttermost interest in our third annual session and first online organization of Boğaziçi University Model United Nations Conference 2021. We had had quite a few months of preparation for our conference, thus seeing many of you interested makes us feel grateful. Without further adieu, here’s a brief abstract of this month’s issue:


Our agenda for this month covers the 23rd of April celebrations in Turkey. We will taste reminiscent of the past and hand over our seats to the children of our future. After that, Pope Francis’ visit to Iraq will take the spotlight, as Duygu Bayram continues to shed light on the impact the Pope has over international relations. As for our Present and Voting section, we have two opinion articles. First, Hülya Afat & İdil Çakmut will elaborate on fiction being treated as a political tool and how the difference between the propaganda of hate and expressing an opinion freely. Secondly, Gülin Kirman will deliver her views regarding the rising tensions at our college, Boğaziçi University, where pluralist and absolute democratic viewpoints are at a clash. Moving on, we have a delightful article in the Distressed section regarding the USA’s tradition of ignoring contagious diseases, written by Boran Göher. Furthermore, Alp Ünal Ayhan will enlighten us with their article of “Environmental Racism and Keystone XL: A Battle for Indigenous Sovereignty,” located under the Historical section. As for the Universal section, Recep Eren Durgut emphasized the Indian workers’ strike. For the Intersection section, we have three different articles; “The Reality of Percentage Bullying: The Unseen Dangers of Associating Percentages with Facts” by Boran Göher, “Geography and Culture: Cultural Interaction of Societies” by Mert Cengiz, and lastly “Elon Musk: A Genius Pioneer or a Capitalist Thief?” by Ege Gazitepe. All three of them are as fascinating as one another, so we advise you to have a look into them. Coming next in our Trivial section, Şebnem Yaren will compare and contrast two sensational shows, Dickenson and Bridgerton. At the same time, Gülin Kirman will talk about the Public Perception of Disney Stars: Britney Spears, Miley Cyrus, Zendaya. Furthermore, we are greeted by Hülya Afat’s “Blurred Lines of Genres: Unboxing The Creativity” as the last article of the Trivial section. Now it is time for Present and Chill, where Mert Cengiz discusses the question of Why We Should Not Get Used To The “New Normal.” Ultimately, the closure is made with “Ülkü Adatepe: Atatürk’s Adopted Child and the Symbol of His Love for Children” by İdil Çakmut as our relatively new section called Person of the Month. 


Despite all the physical and psychological hardships, our authors have once again authored an incredible roster of articles. As the editors of this issue, we would like to re-state how grateful we are to have such a diligent team and appreciate your excitement over all the effort poured into this bulletin as the readers. As always, you can deliver your thoughts regarding PRESENT through our feedback form or contact us directly at


We wish you a pleasant reading experience and hope to see you next month!


Ümit Altar Binici & Kaan Ertan

Editors of This Issue


PRESENT is a non-profit monthly bulletin published by the Model United Nations Subcommittee of Boğaziçi University Debating Society (BUDS) on the first Monday of every month. 
Articles in the issues of PRESENT do not reflect the views of Boğaziçi University or BUDS. Opinions belong solely to the author(s). All pictures copyright to their respective owner(s). PRESENT does not claim ownership of any of the pictures displayed on this bulletin. All images are used for noncommercial and educational purposes. If any images posted here are in violation of copyright law, please contact us and we will gladly remove the offending images immediately.

© 2021. This work is licensed under a CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 license.

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