Certain subjects share common fields of study, and we handpick a topic from their crossover. In this section, we elaborate on the chosen topic from the perspectives of the both subjects.

  • Economics and Climate Change: Cap and Trade

    Didem Özçakır


    Climate change is perhaps the most important but disregarded problem we have in today’s world. To combat it, we need to decrease our level of carbon emissions. To achieve this, we have different policy alternatives. In trying to reduce the carbon emission up to a certain level, two methods deliver a result in which carbon emissions can be reduced with the lowest cost possible: carbon taxation and cap and trade. Both methods have their ups and downs.

  • Valentine's Day: A Win For Love Or A Trap Of Capitalism

    Didem Özçakır


    Every year on the 14th of February we can not escape all the couples around us, holding hands in streets which are decorated with red hearts. Like it or not, Valentine’s day exists, and puts an expectation on couples to show their affection and love. While doing this, buying presents, flowers or chocolates comes automatically. What is all this fuss about?

  • Celebration and Religion: The Two Sides of the Peace Medallion

    Hülya Afat & Recep Eren Durgut


    With the new year has recently begun, we passed a very festive period of the year. Unlike any other celebrations, almost every country celebrates the new year at the same time. When we talk about celebration, culture and religion come to mind first as the basis of traditions.

  • Eating Disorders: Deeper Than Meets The Eye

    Ece HASGÜL


    Food is the thing we eat to get calories, to fill our bodies with nutrients so that we can keep on living. However, we adhere much more meaning to it that the first and primary reason that we consume food seems irrelevant.

  • A New Era of Automation

    Duygu BAYRAM


    Nowadays, there are plenty of doomsday predictions to go around. These can range from nuclear wars to asteroids. The fast development of artificial intelligence is a commonly discussed worry among these predictions even by professionals.

  • The Various Qualities of Politics in New Media: Political Content on YouTube

    Boran GÖHER


    Ever since its surge of popularity in the early 2010s, YouTube has been an important forum for people to express their various thoughts and opinions about a plethora of topics. Of course, it is not perfectly analogous to a public forum, it is owned by a private company after all.

  • How Gaming Acts A Gateway Into the Alt-Right for Distressed Gamers

    Boran GÖHER


    If you have no prior experience with this particular topic, the title might have surprised you a little. After all, it suggests that the gaming community might be some form of an enabler for some people to fall into the claws of alt-right ideas. For the uninitiated, the idea possibly sounds ridiculous. Unless you buy into the lies and exaggerations of those who claim video games are the main cause of the violence that they, again, the claim is rising, you probably do not have a particularly negative opinion of video games.

  • Stories of Many: Malala and Women in Revolution

    Hülya AFAT


    As long as the authority figures existed, disagreements towards them existed too. Revolutions are the result of these disagreements between the authorities and the masses ruled by them. Throughout history, women have had active roles during the history-changing revolutions. Since the times we are living through right now are history-in-making and very pivotal for the future of the human civilization, I had the urge to talk about today’s revolutions and their powerful women leaders.

  • The Economy of Climate Change

    Duygu BAYRAM


    The universe we live in often rests on a careful balance, however chaotic it may look from the outside. The existence of life is dependent on an even more ordered balance as we need certain conditions to keep existing. This balance is usually not threatened by the living themselves because we tend to fit into nature in order to exist; however, recently, humanity has been visibly proud of its quest to conquer nature and to bend it to its will. While it was not necessarily intentional, we have declared a war against nature when we stopped being restricted by it and began using certain limited resources without any limitations.

  • Disparity of Technology Between Generations



    Since the start of the Industrial Revolution, every generation has been born into a world more technologically advanced compared to the ones that came before them. This is understandable as the knowledge and technology we possess as humanity increases it becomes easier to attain new knowledge and technology.

  • Limits of Our Mind: Bounded Rationality

    Egemen BÜYÜKKAYA


    How rational are we in the modern world? Since the enlightenment, thinkers, and scientists have held the view that humans are rational actors. They thought that humans were, by nature, rational creatures who could make their decisions using their reason. All human beings were considered possessing similar faculties of reason.

  • Music and Economics: Thinking Music as an Industry

    Didem ÖZÇAKIR


    When we think about music, we are inclined to think of it as a form of art. In reality, music is something that we consume, and what we listen to is determined by the dynamics of the free market. Open your favorite playlist and think: Would you be able to find these songs if they were not properly advertised or would they give the same taste if they were not recorded using the latest technology?

  • Data, Privacy, and Science: Future of The Human Civilization

    Hülya AFAT


    Data processing has been the main accelerator of modern science in the last five decades. As much as the social sciences, data processing is used by the big corporations and the advertisement agencies since the internet became the core marketplace. There are some cases that the privacy of internet users was invaded by big corporations to make profits.

  • Political Correctness: Where Linguistics and Politics Meet

    Boran GÖHER & Ümit Altar BİNİCİ


    Almost every culture had groups it considered as “outsiders” or “the others”. Considering that people have a great tendency to ridicule, demean, or otherwise insult these outcast groups, it is no surprise that many words and phrases have appeared in various languages to serve this exact purpose.

PRESENT is a non-profit monthly bulletin published by the Model United Nations Subcommittee of Boğaziçi University Debating Society (BUDS) on the first Monday of every month. 
Articles in the issues of PRESENT do not reflect the views of Boğaziçi University or BUDS. Opinions belong solely to the author(s). All pictures copyright to their respective owner(s). PRESENT does not claim ownership of any of the pictures displayed on this bulletin. All images are used for noncommercial and educational purposes. If any images posted here are in violation of copyright law, please contact us and we will gladly remove the offending images immediately.

© 2021. This work is licensed under a CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 license.

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