THIS MONTH IN HISTORY

FEBRUARY

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February 2, 1848 - The war between the U.S. and Mexico ended with the signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. In exchange for $15 million, the U.S. acquired the many parts of present day southwestern U.S.

February 2, 1882 - Irish novelist and poet James Joyce (1882-1941) was born in Dublin, Ireland. Best known for the novel Ulysees.

February 6, 1952 - King George VI of England died. Upon his death, his daughter Princess Elizabeth became Queen Elizabeth II, Queen of the United Kingdom.

February 6, 1911- Ronald Reagan, (1911-2004) the 40th U.S. President, was born in Tampico, Illinois. Elected to the White House in 1980, he became one of the most controversial presidents in American history.

February 7, 1812 - British novelist Charles Dickens (1812-1870) was born in Portsmouth, England. Best known for the popular Christmas story, A Christmas Carol.

February 11, 660BC - Celebrated in Japan as the founding date of the Japanese nation, which occurred with the accession to the throne of the first Emperor, Jimmu.

February 11, 1847 - American inventor Thomas Edison (1847-1931) was born in Ohio. Throughout his lifetime he acquired over 1,200 patents including the incandescent bulb, phonograph and movie camera.

February 11, 1929 - Italian dictator Benito Mussolini granted political independence to Vatican City and recognized the sovereignty of the Pope.

February 11, 1990 - In South Africa, Nelson Mandela, at age 71, was released from prison. In April 1994, he was elected president in the first all-race elections.

February 12, 1809 - Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865) the 16th U.S. President was born in Hardin County, Kentucky, most renowned for his accomplishments in the Civil War. On the same day,  author and naturalist Charles Darwin (1809-1882) was born in England. Best known for the theory of evolution.

February 12, 1999 - The impeachment trial of President Bill Clinton in the U.S. Senate ended. With the necessary two-thirds majority not having been achieved, President Clinton was acquitted. 

February 13, 1945 - During World War II in Europe, British and American planes began massive bombing raids on Dresden, killing an estimated 135,000 German civilians.

February 15, 1564 - Birthday - Astronomer and physicist Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) was born in Pisa, Italy, and is best known for his struggle against Church authorities.

February 15, 1898 - In Havana, the U.S. Battleship Maine was blown up while at anchor and quickly sank with 260 crew members lost. The U.S later claimed this as casus belli for declaring war against Spain.

February 15, 1933 - An assassination attempt on newly elected U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt occurred in Miami, Florida. The gunman was captured and later sentenced to death.

February 17, 1909 - Apache Chief Geronimo (1829-1909) died while in captivity at Fort Sill, Oklahoma. 

February 19, 1473 - Astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus (1473-1543) was born in Poland. He was the founder of the Heliocentric theory.

February 21, 1965 - Former Black Muslim leader Malcolm X (1925-1965) was shot and killed while delivering a speech in a ballroom in New York City.

February 22, 1732 - George Washington (1732-1799) was born in Westmoreland County, Virginia. He served as commander of the Continental Army during the American Revolution and became the first U.S. President.

 

February 22, 1956 - In Montgomery, Alabama, 80 participants in the bus boycott voluntarily gave themselves up for arrest. Martin Luther King and Rosa Parks were among those arrested. Later in 1956, the U.S. Supreme Court mandated desegregation of the buses.

February 24, 1582 - Pope Gregory XIII corrected mistakes on the Julian calendar by dropping 10 days and directing that the day after October 4, 1582 would be October 15th.

February 26, 1848 - The Communist Manifesto pamphlet was published by two young socialists, Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels.

February 27, 1991 - In Desert Storm, the ground war ended against Saddam Hussein's Iraqi forces as Allied troops entered Kuwait.

February 28, 1986 - Swedish Prime Minister Olof Palme (1927-1986) was assassinated in Stockholm while exiting a movie theater with his wife.

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